Furniture and fixtures are an integral part of civilizations. Since the beginning of the history of societies, furniture designs have been an essential element of the human experience. From the paintings of the Neolithic ages, Pompeii’s murals to the excavations in Egyptian pyramids and tombs in Ghiordes (presently known as Turkey), furniture designs and styles have adapted and advanced in accordance to the needs and desires of the evolving Homo sapiens.

Our modern-day furniture too has evolved, by following the ‘survival of the fittest’ theory of evolution, just like us; the only difference being the mechanism of anthropological selection. Humans selected the furniture they wanted.

Fun Fact: Did you know Napoleonic, Chippendale, Theresianisch, Victorian, Queen Anne, Loius Seize, and Louise-Phillippe are styles of furniture, based on the name of the rulers?

I am thrilled to bring you the following exciting timeline of furniture styles.

Neolithic Period or New Stone Age Furniture

Neolithic Furniture- A stone age furniture at an excavated site in Skara Bae, Orkney

(Image Courtesy: Flickr)

Neolithic humans made furniture with stones as there was a shortage of wood (they were intelligent enough to understand they should not cut trees!). They built stone furniture like dressers, cupboards, shelves, beds, and seats.

Egyptian Furniture

Ancient Egyptians were famous for architecture, artistry and mummies. And furniture too! The wealthiest of all people had seats made from woven leather strips, animal skins or plant material. They used folded stools like the one found in Tutankhamun’s tomb.

(Image Courtesy: YouTube)

The Famous Ancient Egyptian Folded Stool

(Image Courtesy: Pinterest)

Greek Furniture

The Famous Greek Klismos Chair

(Image Courtesy: Doublemh)

Ancient Greek furniture was characteristically built from wood. However, the Greeks also used metals like iron, bronze, gold and silver and stones to create stunning furniture styles of the era.

(Image Courtesy: Pinterest)

Roman Furniture

Ancient Roman society was an epitome of art, philosophy, poetry, and home furnishings. Furniture helped the Romans define their lives and culture. The carbonized furniture (from the lava of Mount Vesuvius) from Herculaneum, Greek tables called the Abacus, and the Mensa to Sella chairs and couches represent Roman expressions.

A Roman Couch

(Image Courtesy: Metropolitan Museum of Art)

A Roman Chair

(Image Courtesy: Pinterest)

A Traditional Roman Table

(Image Courtesy: Houzz)

Medieval Furniture

With distinctive styles of furniture, the medieval era gave us ornate wooden carvings on canopy beds and chairs; grey, black and beige color furniture with squarish or rectangular shapes and forms.

A Canopy Bed of Medieval Times

(Image Courtesy: Ultimate Home Ideas)

A Medieval Era Table

(Image Courtesy: Antique Warehouse)

Renaissance Furniture

With the renaissance, it was the rebirth of Greco-Roman furniture designs and styles. The furniture styles of this period showcase magnificent, often gilded designs that commonly unified a profusion of vegetal, floral and scrolling ornamentation.

(Image Courtesy: Online Design Teacher)

Check out the floral & scrolling embellishments on this Medieval Era Chair

(Image Courtesy: Pinterest)

Jacobean Furniture

The furniture styles changed to their subtler, lighter and quieter forms, just like the Britain Table Legs which became narrower and straighter instead of being turned and spiral.

(Image courtesy: Pinterest)

Colonial Furniture

These furniture styles were brought by the colonial immigrants to their new regions of inhabitation. Colonial furniture pieces were strong and sturdy with heavily carved designs, bun feet, and turned legs. American Chest is quite a famous piece of Colonial furniture, with beautifully carved frame-and-panel construction.

An American Chest (Image Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art)

A Colonial Style Desk (Image Courtesy: Furniture Refinishing Guide)

Revival Furniture

With the development of technology, soon after the Industrial Revolution, it became easy and inexpensive to manufacture revival furniture styles, including Neoclassicism, Gothic revival, and Rococo revival.

Gothic Revival Style Couch (Image courtesy: JBDesign)

English Palladianism Chair- A Neoclassicism Revival Style

(Image Courtesy: Timothy Corrigan)

A Rococo Revival Sofa

(Image Courtesy: Memsaheb)

Art Nouveau Furniture

The ‘new art’ French style of furniture was developed in the late 19th century AD in Paris. This furniture style used carves and lines for graphical embellishments. Iron and hardwoods were commonly used to provide strong yet sleek support to furniture.

(Image Courtesy: Wikipedia)

Art Deco Furniture

This 20th Century AD furniture style was again from the Parisian Furniture Revolution which represented modernity, functionality, glamour, and elegance. Asymmetrical organic curves were the USP.

(Image Courtesy: Pinterest)

Modern Furniture

The modern-era furniture styles signify originality, newness and technical innovation. Innovation in manufacturing various designs and styles include the use of new materials like steel, plastics, and moulded plywood.

New age modern furniture is all about high utility, compactness, and style. Modern people nowadays use furniture as per their requirement and space, more than just for the sake of having a piece of furniture; like the utility storage cupboards which talk about compactness, service, and efficiency, and the black high gloss wardrobes signifying style, space, and elegance.

A Black Highgloss Wardrobe

A Utility Storage Cupboard

Irrespective of the eras and times, furniture makes us, defines us, shapes us and regulates our everyday lives. What do you think?

Author: Alexa Paul

My name is Alexa Paul, but friends call me Ally. I was born and raised in Melbourne VIC. I’m graduated from university of Melbourne. My goal is to provide good quality content and information in my articles to make the world open. I’m writing on various topics like health, travel, tech, home improvement and recycling. You can follow me on twitter and Google+.

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